In this article, we have shared mnemonic for Diabetes medication – Oral Hypoglycemics.
Oral Hypoglycemics are the Drugs used in diabetes treat diabetes mellitus by lowering glucose levels in the blood. With the exceptions of Insulin, exenatide, liraglutide and pramlintide, all are administered orally and are thus also called oral hypoglycemic agents or oral antihyperglycemic agents.
Oral Hypoglycemics Mnemonics.
BAGS is the mnemonic.
e.g. metformin – reduces insulin resistance, S/E GI upset, lactic acidosis.
- Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors.
e.g. acarbose – inhibits carbohydrate digestion so reduces intestinal glucose reabsorption, S/E bloating, diarrhoea.
- Glitazones (thiazolidinediones).
e.g. pioglitazone, rosiglitazone – insulin-sensitising agents causing transcription of Glut-1 receptors, S/E hepatotoxicity.
e.g. gliclazide, tolbutamide – stimulate insulin production from pancreatic beta-cells, S/E weight gain and hypoglycaemia.
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